Terowie is derived from a local aboriginal word meaning 'hidden water'. Midway between Adelaide and Broken Hill on the Barrier Highway, Terowie is arguably one of Australia's most famous railway towns.

When the broad gauge railway arrived from Adelaide in 1880, Terowie boomed, and did so for almost 90 years. Terowie was the break of gauge going north and south. From 1940 to the 1950s, there was a population of over 2,000 people, with the rail industry being the main employer.

In 1969, the broad gauge was extended to Peterborough, and in 1989, the railways finally left Terowie with the line ripped up. In 1985, the town was declared an 'historic town'.

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